The Multidimensional Poverty Index (IKM) was first developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report Office (UNDP-HDRO) in 2010. The IKM reflects the deprivation of capabilities experienced by the poor, such as education , health and standard of living.
In addition to the character of poverty, IKM provides details on indicators that trigger poverty to geographic analysis and population characteristics. At the global level, SMEs can be compared across countries, regions and the world. Meanwhile at the national level, IKM can be compared between provinces, regions, age groups, gender, rural & urban areas, and individuals and households.